This is Samuel Pepys. He lived over 300 years ago and wrote about The Great Fire of London in his diary. He had an unusual last name which you pronounce peeps.
What he wrote in his diary helps us to understand everyday life at that time and what living through The Great Fire of London was really like.
Learn more about him on the BBC Bitesize link below then try some of this weeks English activities below about Samuel Pepys and The Great Fire of London.