# Mathematics

Our aim is to ensure Mathematics is engaging and purposeful and that all our pupils become confident, resilient mathematicians.  Children are encouraged to embed and apply their mathematical thinking across the curriculum, through purposeful, real-life problem solving activities; developing as proficient mental mathematicians who can recall a range of number related facts quickly, with confidence and accuracy.

At the end of Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2, children will be expected to sit the Mathematics test, which aims to test Mathematical skills in three key areas:

• Arthmetic Proficiency
• Reason Mathematically
• Solve problems

When children enter Reception, Mathematics is taught through a mixture of adult-led and purposeful child-initiated activities which enable children to apply their mathematical skills through carefully planned activities, with high quality interaction from adults: scaffolding and questioning understanding, which encourages children to explore mathematical concepts in a safe and nurturing environment.

Through creative-‘hands-on’, practical activities, both indoors and outdoors, children develop a fundamental understanding of Mathematics, which provides the strong foundations needed for Mathematical proficiency.

By the end of the Foundation Stage children are expected to achieve the Early Learning Goals for Maths which state:

• Mathematics: Numbers

Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number.  Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer.  They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

• Mathematics: Shape, Space and Measures

Children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems.  They recognise, create and describe patterns.  They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

When children enter Key Stage 1, they continue to build on the early Mathematical principles they have been taught in the Foundation Stage so that they become increasingly fluent and confident with the fundamentals of Mathematics.

Throughout Year 1 and 2, Mathematics is taught in a creative and purposeful way so that children become familiar with mathematical procedures and associated language which can then be applied, across the curriculum, to a range of practical and real life problems.

When children enter Key Stage 2, they continue to develop efficient, varied and fluent strategies to a variety of mental and written Mathematics.

Within daily Maths sessions, children participate in a range of mental and oral starter activities;

so they can build upon and extend their mental proficiency further, as well as develop their use of note taking, to support working mentally.

They are taught formal written procedural methods for all four operations and are expected to apply these, within various contexts, including real life problems; accessing materials and resources to support their independence and mathematical fluency.

As children progress through Key Stage 2, they are encouraged to build up mathematical resilience, over time, so they can complete sophisticated problems and understand how to ‘break’ these down into a series of simpler steps; developing further perseverance in seeking solutions.

Both written and mental procedures and strategies can then be applied to various contexts and children are expected to reason and justify their approaches, when solving complex and multi-step problems, puzzles and real-life scenarios.