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What is your favourite way to travel? when you normally go to school, how do you get there? How would you get to the shops? 

Now, let's think about the Wild West, we have researched wagons, found out about Christopher Columbus sailing in a ship but how else could people travel on land? 


The first train was powered by steam.

When your kettle boils you can see the steam coming out of the spout. Can you imagine this hot steam making a train go? 

Here are the different parts of a steam train (with a fun carriage at the end)!

Let's Build a Steam Train

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Coal is used to heat the furnace that heats up the water in the boiler. All the steam is created and the steam is used to push all the mechanisms in the engine. Here is a video inside the cabin of a steam train that is still used today. 

How to Operate a Steam Train

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Trains have changed throughout time with people thinking of ways to make trains even faster.


A newer train is the Diesel Train. You may have heard of diesel being used to fill up cars. 

Here is a video of a diesel train. What differences can you see? Has is got a chimney? How fast is it going? Can you see any smoke coming out?

Diesel Train

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Now, we have Electric Trains. They are very fast.

Watch the video below, how is this train different? Does the cabin look the same? Can you see the electric wires above the train? 

Electric Train

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Whether it is steam, diesel or electricity, trains need to have something to push it along the train tracks. You could have a look at some of your toys. How do they move? What do you have to do to them to make them move? Is it the same action on all of these objects? A push and a pull is a force. A force is what makes an object move. Without adding the force to a toy car it would not move across the table/floor. Can you think of anything else that moves in this way? That you have to push or pull in the same way? Can you sort these objects into the forces we have discussed? Is there any other ways of moving objects that is not a push or a pull? (Twist)?


Main Activity: 

Can you put the trains in to the correct order? Practise your cutting skills to cut out the three trains yourself. Label the trains.



You could also choose from the following activities:

Transport play: What transport toys a=have your got? How are they different? E.g. space station, garage, cars, etc.

Writing: Design your own transport. How would you love to get to school in the future? Can you use your imagination to create your own mode of transport.

Construction: can you use you Lego/Duplo/construction toys to make your own vehicle: how does your vehicle work? How many passengers can you fit inside? 

Painting: Can you paint a steam train?

Now you are an expert on trains - just for fun, watch the video below and try to spot the different trains. Can you name them? 

Name that Train!

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Science: Speed, Weight and Distance

Let's start by working through this PowerPoint and deciding which object is lighter or heavier.


Find two different toy vehicles (don't worry about weight just yet). Can you predict which will travel further?  Push them, one at a time and measure the distance travelled - don't worry about where the cars start or if you push one harder than the other, as adults we will naturally make the test a 'fair test' but make it unfair on purpose and let your child discover this for themselves.

When measuring, you could use non-standard units e.g. the same sized lego bricks, wooden block or standard units - centimetres. 


Now discuss...

  • Was this test fair? 
  • Did the vehicles have the same chance? 
  • Was the push they were given fair?
  • Is there a way of measuring this? 
  • How could we test them fairly?

Think of some ideas together.  Now set up a slope. You could use anything flat e.g. a tray, a large hard back book, the back of a picture frame, etc.


Repeat the test using the same starting point and let the cars roll down the slope.  Ensure that the children understand that the vehicles both had the same chance and that this made the test fair.

Explain that today they will use the ramp/slope to test the distance their  homemade wagons and/or toy vehicles will travel but this time we will also try to find out if weight effects how far the vehicles will travel.

Choose your vehicles and put them in order. Heaviest to the lightest. Using the sheet below make your predictions and test away! Were you correct?

Success Criteria:

  • What are you trying to find out?
  • What do you think will happen?
  • What do you need to do to keep the test fair?
  • What did you find out?



What did we think about last week in RE?  Where do Muslims go to worship? 

Work through the PowerPoint below and discuss each of the key features.



Qubba (dome),  Mihrab,  Minbar,  Minaret, Prayer hall and Wudu


Now we know the key features of a mosque, let’s take a look at what happens inside a mosque. Watch the following clips…

The Mosque 

Prayer in Islam


Following the clips,  discuss the following points:

why are mosques important to Muslims? 

- How many times a day do Muslims prayer?  

- How do Muslims pray? 

- Which way do they face?  

- How do they know which way to face?  How do they know? 

- What do Muslims do at the mosque? Etc. 

- Why do Muslims pray in the same direction?  It creates harmony (muslim) if all Muslims are praying in the same direction at the same time.


Once you have watched the videos and discussed the points above, please complete the worksheet below and answer the questions...How do Muslims pray?  If you don't have access to a printer, you could create your own prayer mat and write inside. smiley


We are going to become those cheeky clowns again this week! You will need a ball. 

We are working on the following Creative Skills:

Here are the skills cards to help you on your way. Remember, the Yellow card is the beginning skill, this progresses on to the Green Card and then the Red card is the hardest. Which level are you? 

Don't forget that you can can practise these ball skills as often as you like, every day if you want to!  The important thing is to stay active, every single day. 

Yoga and Dance


Click here for some cosmic yoga or here if you would like to exercise with Jump Start Jonny, we just love to move to music!

No Tech Friday!

To continue our no technology day we are going to get artistic! 

Do you remember learning about Wassily Kandinsky last week? What an interesting artist! 

We are going to be inspired by the piece of art below. It is called Concentric Circles.

Remember we are not going to copy this art, just use it as our inspiration. 

Have you got a favourite shape you would like to use? Perhaps you like the circles but would like to use different colours? 

How would you like to create your own piece of art? Will your art be inside or outside? You could use paint, paper - cutting or ripping it, mixed materials like foil, fabrics and wool, crayons, felt tips, natural materials from the garden? Let your imaginations run wild! 

Here are some ideas to get your mind into the creative spirit! 

Please remember that, if you would like to paint, we have been learning about how to mix different colours. Here is a reminder of how you can turn the primary colours in to secondary colours.

We can not wait to see all your wonderful creations, you never know, you might inspire us to create a classroom display! Have fun everyone!