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WEEK 8 Castle History

Week 8 Castle History


English, History, Science, Maths, Art, DT, Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Communication and Language, Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the World, Expressive Arts and Design

It’s week 8 and we’re going to be learning about the ultimate home…

a castle!

When you think about a castle what do you see? Describe it to your adult. What features do castes have? To start off our week, can you draw a castle and include as many of these features as you can?

During the week, and the more you find out, you can add to your drawing with the new features you have found out about. You could even draw one castle at the start of the week and another castle at the end of the week and compare the two! Play ‘Spot the Difference’ with your own drawings!


Castles have changed over hundred of years. Have a look at the information below to find out what material they were first made from and how their shape has changed.

There are some brilliant new words that we can learn to label the castles.

Work through this PowerPoint to find out about these new words and what they mean.

Do you think you can remember some of these new words?

Reception: Label your castle or print off this picture to label.

Year One: Choose three new words and write a fact about each one. If you can, print out the sheet below to write on.

You might need your phonics when labelling your castle so here’s this week’s Letters and Sounds focus.


English, Literacy



Reception: This week we are looking at the ‘or’ sound. Another digraph (two letters that make one sound).

We are also going to see how many tricky words we can remember. The tricky words are:  he, she, no, go, I, the, to, we, me, be, was, my.

If you use ‘phonics play, play the ‘Tricky Trucks’ game. If not, have a go at writing the tricky words out and use the ‘Look, Cover, Write, Check’ method.

Now write some ‘or’ words out and stick them to some toys. Can you match the words just like the ones in the video below? How many did you get right?

Digraph 'or' activity

Still image for this video

Now watch this video with Geraldine the Giraffe.

Have a go at this activity sheet:

Year 1’s This week’s focus is alternative pronunciations for c, g & u

Have a go at spelling the following words using our ‘Look, Cover, Write, Check’ method.

Spellings: cell, acid, ice, magic, ginger, germ, unit, music, unicorn


Remember that alternative pronunciations of some graphemes (letters) in some words need to be tried out to find the correct one.


The more you practice the more you’ll improve.


Here is a little clue to help you recognise when a word has got a soft sounding c or g in it (There are always exceptions to the rule!):


Usually, when c or g meets a, o, or u, it’s sound is hard.

(Like the ‘c’ in cat and the ‘g’ in goat).

When c or g meets e, i, or y, its sound is soft.

(Like ‘c’ in cell and the ‘g’ in gym).


Here is Geraldine the Giraffe learning about the soft ‘g’


Here is a page full of pictures, read words with a soft c and the alternative pronunciation of u (as in unicorn) and then try to find the correct picture. Can you find them all?


Maths, English, Personal, Social and Emotional Development,

Communication and Language, Mathematics, Literacy


Mental Maths: Did you know there are symbols that mean ‘greater than’ and ‘less than’?

Now imagine that there are ‘Number Gators’ in your castle moat!

Watch this video to find out about the symbols.

Number Gators

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Now you know the symbols, let’s play a game!

Write down lots of different numbers from 1-20 or 1-100.

(e.g. on wooden bricks, post-it notes, paper plates, anything!)

Pick two numbers, which symbol do you need? Remember the ‘number gator’ wants to eat the greatest number! You could use your hand as the number gator mouth, or something else…see below!

Greater Than Less Than.mp4

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Secret Code!

Another fun Maths activity is to crack the secret code!

Open up the Castle Secret Code sheet to find out the secret code.

Now work out the calculations on the correct picture, when you have found all 13, work out the name of a famous Medieval Castle by writing the matching letter underneath each number!

Here’s a clue: It’s where the Queen’s Crown Jewels are kept!

Once you’ve found out you could look up this famous castle and find out your own information.


English, History, Geography, Science, Maths, Art, DT, Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Communication and Language, Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the World, Expressive Arts and Design

Local and British castles


There are lots of castles in England. Can you find some and plot them on a map?

The largest one is Windsor Castle (pictured above) where the Queen lives for part of the year. Your adults live in Newark and Lincoln. Here’s Newark Castle.


Here’s a picture of Lincoln Castle.



Now let’s find out about some castles near us. Somerton Castle is only two miles away from Mrs Eggleston. It is 900 years old!! Part of the castle has been made into a house now. It still has a moat around the outside of it.


Somerton castle video.mp4

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Terrance and I went to Newark Castle. Take a look!

Newark Castle.mp4

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Why don’t you have a look at the google earth app and explore some castles. Have a look at Windsor castle, Newark castle, Lincoln castle, Somerton castle and of course Belvoir Castle – it’s right on your doorstep!

Can you spot what is similar about them? Do they all have a moat? Do they have more than one tower? Why is it easy to see Belvoir Castle?


Have a look at this Bitesize video with Barnaby Bear. He visited a castle in Scotland. Can you remember what the capital of Scotland is? Yes Edinburgh!! This is about Edinburgh Castle.


He also had fun pretending he was the King of the castle in this next Bitesize video. Perhaps you could have a go?



Can you make your own castle using a variety of materials or techniques?


Create your own castle on Minecraft.


Paint a castle using your fingers, using some vegetables like potatoes or carrots or using a sponge?

Use a drawing app on your ipad/tablet or computer?

Build a castle out of cardboard boxes and toilet/kitchen rolls?

Use Lego/Duplo/Wooden Blocks to create your castle.

I can’t wait to see what they look like 😊


Every castle has a flag, it flies high when the person living in the castle is home.


Let’s design our own flag!

The one above is the flag for Panama. Can you see how it is split into quarters? Splitting a shape into quarters means you are making four equal sections. If you were going to split a shape into half, how many equal parts would you have? 

Use your knowledge of a half and a quarter to design the flag for your castle. If you use a half then you need to design two patterns on your flag which are the same size. Both halves have to be equal. If you want to use a quarter then you need to design four equal parts on your flag.


Here is my flag! I have included four of my favourite things. One in each corner. I love art and our beautiful world, star gazing, music and penguins! And if I ever found a penguin that was playing a guitar, well, that would just make my day!


Now it’s time to make them laugh!

In the olden days a Jester was a person who worked at the castle and entertained the King and Queen by doing tricks and telling jokes.



Can you tell us your favourite jokes? You could make your own joke book. I would to hear some of your jokes I love to laugh! 😊

Here are some of my favourites!

Tell Us a Joke.mp4

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I hope you enjoy learning about castles. Maybe you have some dressing up clothes you could wear while you are doing your work? You could be Prince and Princesses. Or Kings and Queens. You might even want to be a Jester and make everyone laugh. 😊 (Save the knights for next week’s castle battles week!)


Have fun my Kings and Queens! 

Missing you lots, 

Mrs Banfield