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Year 1 Letters and Sounds


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We are going to learn a new grapheme today (a grapheme is how a sound is represented with letters).  Today we will be looking at /ph/; it makes the ph sound in phonics.  Here is a poster for you to look at.  Can you have a go at segmenting the sounds in each word and blend them back together. 

What does it say?  Do you know what the word means?



Here are some /ph/ activities for you to complete. 

Handwriting - Use rainbow writing to write /ph/.   Remember this is when you write it in one colour and go over it in another colour and another colour and so on. 

Reading - Segment and blend the sounds in the Roll and Read game below.  You roll a dice and if it lands on number one you read the first word in that line and colour it in.  Your partner then has a turn, using a different colour.  Repeat until you read all of the words.  


What grapheme did we learn yesterday? Where would you find it in a word?  Can you identify the rule for when the /ph/ spelling is used instead of the /ff/ or /f/ spelling? Use the poster to help you.  



The /f/ sound is not usually spelt as /ph/ in everyday words with one syllable, such as fun, fish, fin.  Words with more that one syllable with the /f/ sound usually has the /ph/ spelling.  You can see the examples above.


Activity -

Dolphin Photo - Play the game below.  The rules can be found at the top of the sheet. Have fun!


Today we are going to learn another new grapheme.  Remember a grapheme is the way a sound looks. Our grapheme today has two letters but makes one sound.  Watch Mr Thorne does phonics to learn our new grapheme and the sound it makes. 


Then, have a look at the PowerPoint with your grown up and complete the /wh/ worksheet below. 


We have been learning the /wh/ sound this week.  Have a go at reading the words below, using your segmenting and blending skills; some of them are real and some of them are not real.  Then, complete the White Whiskers game. 


Please don't forget to apply your new knowledge when reading your school books, e.g. can you spot the /ph/ and /wh/ graphemes and read them when you see them?


Today it is our spelling test day!  Then use Phonics Play to practise segmenting and blending of Phase 5 phoneme/graphemes.